Student projects turn campus into ‘living lab’ Study opens door to better sleep, work, health 9 foundations of a healthy building Allen and a team of experts from the Harvard Chan School turned their research into a checklist that building owners can use. For more information, visit forhealth.org. Safety and security Meet fire safety and carbon monoxide monitoring standards. Provide adequate lighting and use video monitoring, interactive patrols, and incident reporting. Maintain an emergency action plan. Looking indoors to health Source: forhealth.org To date the academy has collaborated with more than 50 manufacturers to get them to remove harmful chemicals from their products, and integrated healthier building materials requirements into Harvard’s Green Building Standards. Much of the academy’s work has been informed by exchanges of information with Google, Kaiser Permanente, and Facebook, companies increasingly focused on the environment in their own buildings. The University is one of the early adopters of Portico, a Web app developed by the nonprofit Healthy Building Network and Google that includes a database listing the environmental hazards of more than 2,500 products.Making the caseFor the typical full-time U.S. worker, the office doubles as a second home, and unhealthy air comes with consequences.In a 2011 study, scientists at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the Environmental Protection Agency examined costs and benefits of improving indoor air quality in U.S. office buildings. The findings suggested that better air quality led to “increased work performance, reduced Sick Building Syndrome symptoms, reduced absence, and improved thermal comfort for millions of office workers.” The researchers also estimated a potential economic benefit of $20 billion.Allen has no doubt about the economic benefits of a healthier, happier, and more productive workforce. What he does worry about is the perception that healthy buildings are too expensive. When companies survey their finances, “many costs show up as a line item in the budget and are therefore easy to track, but the health benefits show up across the entire business enterprise, making it a bit harder to quantify,” he said.In response, Allen and his team crunched the numbers in their CogFX findings. Their report concluded that “doubling the ventilation rate costs less than $40 per person per year in all climate zones. However, the same change in ventilation rate can increase the productivity of an employee by $6,500 a year.” Allen summarized the economic benefits in a piece published last year in the Harvard Business Review.“The challenge for those of us in public health is twofold: produce the science that quantifies these impacts and then make sure health is part of the cost/benefit calculus,” he said. “Businesses track key performance indicators every minute of every day throughout the year to understand how their company is performing. Why not health? Tracking Health Performance Indicators, or HPIs, must be part of corporate strategy moving forward. Their buildings are the perfect place to start.”According to Harvard architect Holly Samuelson, some of that work is well underway.“Yes, absolutely we are already seeing companies getting serious about these topics and investing a good deal of money and time into improving their work spaces to optimize employee health,” said Samuelson, an assistant professor of architecture at Harvard’s Graduate School of Design who studies the energy and environmental performance of buildings.Samuelson, who practiced architecture for eight years and was a green-building consultant before coming to Harvard, is optimistic that health-conscious design will someday be an industry norm, but like Allen she thinks decision-makers need help understanding the math.“In an office building, it might cost $3 per square foot for utilities, while the rent or mortgage might cost another $30 per square foot,” she said. “But the salary and benefits of the employees could cost well over $300 per square foot. So a big challenge is overcoming the first cost in order to invest in better buildings. If we can design buildings that affect performance … that could make a big change in the company’s bottom line.”Another challenge, Samuelson noted, is the need to balance air-quality concerns with conservation efforts. The oil crisis of the 1970s helped usher in a new era of building standards. But the increased efficiency of more insulation, reduced ventilation rates, and locked windows came at a cost — airtight buildings that made occupants sick.Twenty years later, with the introduction of the LEED green-building rating system, designers tried making their buildings more occupant-friendly by increasing ventilation rates and including features such as all-glass facades to enhance natural lighting and views. But many of those buildings used more energy than their “non-green” counterparts, and that problem persists.“I think we need more research to convince building owners, architects, engineers, and other decision-makers of the benefits of working on both,” Samuelson said.Allen is on the case. In a paper published Jan. 30, he and his colleagues studied how buildings’ lower emissions have translated into a reduction of greenhouse gases, which benefits the climate, and a reduction in air pollution.,Informing tomorrow’s buildingsScientific sleuthing is a good fit for Allen, who honed his investigative skills working for his father’s detective agency after college. A biology major, he was headed to a graduate program in environmental science at the University of Pennsylvania when a summer as a Harvard researcher studying household chemical exposures changed everything.“I got hooked by the connection between the environment and health and I knew immediately that this field was where I needed to be,” said Allen. He dropped out of the Penn program and enrolled at Boston University, where he earned his master’s degree in public health and a doctorate of science. Later he became a forensic building investigator in Boston studying cancer clusters, outbreaks of Legionnaire’s disease, and chemical-tainted indoor environments. “We are exploring how we design and optimize buildings for health from the start.” — Joe Allen Noise Protect against outdoor noises and control indoor noise such as mechanical equipment. Provide spaces that minimize background noise to 35db and a maximum reverberation time of 0.7 seconds. On a recent afternoon in a windowless section of Allen’s lab two colleagues were creating rooms with impressive views. With the help of a virtual reality headset, subjects would be transported to a room complete with a lush living wall and an aquarium filled with tropical fish, or a sunlit corner office that looked on to rolling fields and distant ocean. Over time the work will track the stress responses and brain activity of participants as they are exposed to the different virtual environments, and use computer tests to track a subject’s productivity.Looking to the horizon, Allen sees more designers and builders creating healthy office spaces. He also envisions a day when workers can adjust ventilation and temperature without leaving their desks, and without affecting their officemates. Ideal building temperature is determined by the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers, which relies on a temperature and relative humidity that 80 percent of people would find acceptable. But that calculation, said Allen, means we are “designing our buildings to a standard that guarantees that one in five will be uncomfortable.”“I think we can do better, especially now that we know how important it is,” he said. “When someone is too hot or too cold, studies show their performance slips. It means disentangling ventilation — how much air you are bringing into the space — from the temperature setting in a building.“It’s the parallel to personalized medicine — personalized indoor environment. This is where we have to go. We have to get there.” Thermal health Meet minimum thermal comfort standards for temperature and humidity and keep thermal conditions consistent throughout the day. Provide individual level thermal control. Renovations to University housing interiors focus on long-term health of students and staff Dust and pests Use high-efficiency filter vacuums and clean surfaces regularly. Seal entry points, prevent moisture buildup, and remove trash. Avoid pesticide use. First round of grants from Campus Sustainability Innovative Fund awarded EDGE OF DISCOVERYFourth in a series of articles on cutting-edge research at Harvard.On his first day as an assistant professor of exposure-assessment sciences at the Harvard Chan School, in 2014, Joe Allen was immediately put on the spot.“One of the deans asked me, ‘How will your research impact the world?’” Allen recalled on a recent afternoon in his office near Fenway Park. “I put that line up in our lab and it’s still there. Our approach is to pursue research that we know will transform the market — and transform health.”As the head of the Healthy Buildings program at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Allen is working to transform design and construction of indoor spaces by revealing how ventilation, temperature, lighting, and noise affect health. His team drove a key part of that research forward in 2015 with a series of papers that proved what countless office workers long suspected: Indoor air quality influences job performance. The CogFX studies, conducted in collaboration with Syracuse University and SUNY Upstate Medical University, and supported by a gift to Harvard from United Technologies, showed a direct link between cognitive function and indoor environment.In the study’s first phase, 24 participants worked for six days in a simulated office while researchers regulated the room’s concentrations of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), the chemicals released from things such as carpets and surface cleaners. They also set ventilation rates and carbon dioxide levels, re-creating the conditions of green and green+ certified buildings and conventional office space. Then they put subjects to the test.“We watched how they made plans and decisions and accessed information relative to what was happening to see if they could be strategic in their thinking and we found really dramatic effects even from minor changes to the indoor environment,” Allen said.,“One of the deans asked me, ‘How will your research impact the world?’ I put that line up in our lab and it’s still there. Our approach is to pursue research that we know will transform the market — and transform health.” — Joe Allen, pictured above “I think I’ve seen most everything that goes wrong in buildings,” said Allen. “Every chemical, biological, radiological, physical hazard you could think of. In the Healthy Buildings program we are exploring how we design and optimize buildings for health from the start.”The current phase of the CogFX study, funded with primary support from United Technologies, a Fortune 50 company with interests in building-control technologies, and additional support by JLL, a U.S. professional services and investment management company specializing in real estate, involves 10 buildings in China, with plans to include 100 building in countries around the world in the near future.The project involves an environmental monitor small enough to fit on a desk that tracks air quality and ventilation; a wrist monitor that tracks sleep and physical activity; and an iPhone app that feeds researchers real-time data.Taking his research global, said Allen, is key.“So much of what we know about basic health — from air pollution or how much exercise is good for us or what foods to eat — comes from great epidemiological cohort studies, many of which were done here at Harvard, such as the comprehensive Nurses’ Health Study and the famous Harvard Six Cities study. We don’t have a similar longitudinal cohort of buildings and people in buildings, so we are launching a global study looking at environmental factors, building factors, mechanical systems, lighting, green certifications, everything.”Another forward-looking aspect of Allen’s work owes a debt to the past.The research, backed by a Campus Sustainability Innovation Fund grant, builds on Harvard biologist E.O. Wilson’s work on “biophilia” — humankind’s inherent love and need of nature and the theme of Wilson’s 1984 book of the same name. A much-heralded study by environmental psychologist Roger Ulrich, also released in 1984, supported the premise, demonstrating that hospital patients recovering from gallbladder surgery did so more quickly, had fewer complications, and required less pain medication if their rooms had windows looking out at a tree instead of a brick wall. Participants’ cognitive function was significantly affected in all nine areas tested, including focused-activity levels, information usage, and strategy. Crisis-response scores were 97 percent higher at the green office setting compared with that of conventional office space, and 131 percent higher at the green+ office setting.The results supported Allen’s idea that your physician may have less of a role in day-to-day well-being than the facilities manager where you work.“All of that has such a big impact on our health, but we just don’t recognize or appreciate it every day.”Most of us aren’t alarmed by the smell of fresh paint or a new carpet. But those odors, released in the form of VOCs, can be toxic. In his lab, Allen is probing the health effects of VOCs and other chemicals, including hormone-disrupting agents lurking in flame retardants commonly found in furniture, toys, and other household items. Last year he co-authored a paper with Linda Birnbaum, director of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, exploring possible links between flame retardants and thyroid disease. The research, said Allen, showed “a higher risk of thyroid disease in women who have higher concentrations of this chemical in their blood, and an even greater risk for women who are postmenopausal.”Allen and his team are also researching possible links between a class of chemicals found in stain repellents and immune suppression, testicular and kidney cancer, and high cholesterol. Such compounds have been dubbed “Forever Chemicals” because they “never go away,” Allen wrote in a Washington Post opinion piece last month.Indoor air quality is an important focus of Allen’s work with the Healthier Buildings Materials Academy, an initiative developed by the Harvard Office for Sustainability (OFS) in collaboration with the Chan School that helps educate Harvard project managers and purchasers about a range of issues, including the problem of swapping out one banned chemical for an equally harmful substitute.The academy is translating “research into practice, creating a new model for how to define health in the built environment,” said Heather Henriksen, director of the Office for Sustainability. Lighting and views Provide as much daylight and/or high intensity blue-enriched lighting as possible. Provide direct lines of sight to windows from all workstations. Incorporate nature and nature-inspired design indoors. Green buildings aid improved performance in workplace Air quality Choose supplies, furnishings, and building materials with low chemical emissions. Check for lead, PCBs, and asbestos. Use a vapor barrier. Maintain humidity levels between 30-60 percent. Related Moisture Conduct regular inspections of roofing, plumbing, ceilings and HVAC equipment. When moisture or mold is found, immediately address source and dry or replace contaminated materials. Water quality Meet the U.S. National Drinking Water Standards. Install purification system, if necessary. Ensure residual disinfectant levels are sufficient to control microbes, but not in excess. Prevent stagnation in pipes. Ventilation Meet or exceed local guidelines for outdoor air. Filter outdoor and recirculated air with a minimum removal efficiency of 75% for all particle-size fractions including nano.
June 1, 2002 Notices Notice: Pro bono for judges report The Report of the Task Force on Pro Bono Activities by Judges and Judicial Staff and The Florida Bar Standing Committee on Pro Bono Legal Services is before the Florida Supreme Court for consideration.In 1993 when the Supreme Court adopted a comprehensive pro bono legal service plan, it recognized that judges and their staff attorneys are prohibited from practicing law. Thus, the Court deferred members of the judiciary and their staffs from the pro bono requirements of Rule Regulating the Bar 4-6.1. See, Amendments to Rules Regulating The Florida Bar – 1-3.1(a) and Rules of Judicial Administration – 2.065 (Legal Aid), 630 So. 2d 501, 503-04. At that time, the Court explained:The responsibility of judicial officers and government employees in providing legal services to the poor presents a unique dilemma. Judicial officers and their staffs are expressly prohibited from practicing law, specifically: (a) article V, section 13, of the Florida Constitution (judge shall devote full time to judicial duties and shall not engage in the practice of law); (b) Code of Judicial Conduct, Canon 5B(1) (judge should not serve in civic or charitable organization if it is likely the organization will be engaged in proceedings that may come before the judge or will be regularly engaged in adversary proceedings in any court); (c) Canon 5D (judge should not serve in fiduciary capacity); (d) Canon 5F (judge should not practice law); and (e) Rule of Judicial Administration 2.060(c) (same limitations apply to judicial clerks).These prohibitions are designed partially to prevent judges and their staffs from taking time away from their judicial duties. More importantly, however, the prohibitions are to prevent them from placing themselves in positions where their actions could directly or indirectly be influenced by matters that could come before them or could provide the appearance that certain parties might be favored over others. As a result, members of the judiciary and their law clerks are unable to participate in providing pro bono legal services to the poor absent a broadening of the definition of those services to such an extent that the services would no longer be limited to legal services. As discussed above under the definition of legal services, we believe that a narrow definition of pro bono services is necessary to ensure that the purposes behind the implementation of these rules are in accordance with our authority. Consequently, we find that members of the judiciary and their staffs should be deferred at this time from participating in the program.We emphasize, however, that judges and their staffs may still teach or engage in activities that concern non-adversarial aspects of the law. Canon 4. Although those activities would not be governed by these rules, we strongly encourage the participation of the judiciary in those activities and request the judicial conferences to consider appropriate means to provide support and allow participation of judges and law clerks in pro bono activities. Id. The Court went on to note that there are activities that judges can do to advance the principles of pro bono service. For example, the Eleventh Judicial Circuit in Dade County, in a cooperative effort with the Dade County Bar Association, created a comprehensive pro bono program called “Put Something Back.” More than forty judges participate in the program. They train attorneys, staff clinics, and prepare forms and handbooks. Additionally, such activities as teaching seminars for legal aid lawyers or serving on legal aid boards could count toward pro bono service for judges. Id. at 504, n. 3.In October 2000, the Court created the Task Force on Pro Bono Activities by Judges and Judicial Staff to work with the Standing Committee on Pro Bono Legal Services to address the continued necessity for judicial deferment and to propose a plan to facilitate participation in pro bono activities by the judiciary and judicial staff. See In re Pro Bono Activities by Judges and Judicial Staff, Fla. Amended Admin. Order No. AOSC00-7 (Oct. 25, 2000). The Court specifically directed the Task Force and the Standing Committee to:• Study how a pro bono commitment, or similar undertaking, can be carried out by judges and judicial staff;• Collect information on non-traditional pro bono activities by judges and judicial staff in Florida and other states; and• Consider need for rules relating to pro bono service by judges and judicial staff.In accordance with this charge, the Task Force and Standing Committee have filed their report.The Court invites all interested persons to comment on the report, as well as on the proposed amendments to Rule Regulating the Florida Bar 4-6.1 and Canons 4(B) and 4(D) of the Code of Judicial Conduct. The proposed amendments are reproduced below. The full report, along with the proposed amendments, is reproduced in full online at www.flcourts.org/sct/sctdocs/proposed.html. Comments also are sought on whether pro bono legal service by judicial staff should continue to be limited in the same manner as pro bono service by judges.An original and seven copies of all comments must be filed with the Court on or before September 3, 2002, with a certificate of service verifying that a copy has been served on The Honorable William A. Van Nortwick, Jr., Chair, Task Force on Pro Bono Activities by Judges and Judicial Staff, First District Court of Appeal, 301 South Martin Luther King Jr. Blvd., Tallahassee, Florida 32399-1850, and Natasha W. Permaul, Chair, Standing Committee on Pro Bono Legal Services, 100 South Hughey Ave., Orlando, Florida 32801. A separate request for oral argument should be filed if the person filing the comment wishes to participate in oral argument which has been scheduled for Thursday, November 7, 2002. IN THE SUPREME COURT OF FLORIDA AMENDMENTS TO CODE OF JUDICIAL CONDUCT AND THE RULES REGULATING THE FLORIDA BAR RE: PRO BONO ACTIVITIES OF JUDGES AND JUDICIAL STAFF, CASE NO. SC02-1034. 4-6.1 PUBLIC SERVICE RULE 4-6.1 PRO BONO PUBLIC SERVICE (a) Professional Responsibility. Each member of The Florida Bar in good-standing, as part of that member’s professional responsibility, should (1) render pro bono legal services to the poor and (2) participate, to the extent possible, in other pro bono service activities that directly relate to the legal needs of the poor. The professional responsibility to render pro bono legal services cannot apply to members of the judiciary and members of the bar employed by the judiciary, because such persons are prohibited or restricted from practicing law by constitutional or other provisions of law. With respect to members of the judiciary and members of the bar employed by the judiciary, the aspirational responsibility to provide pro bono service is set forth in Canons 4(B) and 4(D) of the Code of Judicial Conduct. This professional responsibility does not apply to members of the judiciary or their staffs or to government lawyers who are prohibited from performing legal services by constitutional, statutory, rule or regulatory prohibitions. Neither does this professional responsibility apply to those members of the bar who are retired, inactive, or suspended, or who have been placed on the inactive list for incapacity not related to discipline. (b) Discharge of the Professional Responsibility to Provide Pro Bono Legal Service to the Poor. The professional responsibility to provide pro bono legal services as established under this rule is aspirational rather than mandatory in nature. The failure to fulfill one’s professional responsibility under this rule will not subject a lawyer to discipline. The professional responsibility to provide pro bono legal service to the poor may be discharged by:(1) annually providing at least 20 hours of pro bono legal service to the poor; or(2) making an annual contribution of at least $350 to a legal aid organization. (c) Collective Discharge of the Professional Responsibility to Provide Pro Bono Legal Service to the Poor. Each member of the bar should strive to individually satisfy the member’s professional responsibility to provide pro bono legal service to the poor. Collective satisfaction of this professional responsibility is permitted by law firms only under a collective satisfaction plan that has been filed previously with the circuit pro bono committee and only when providing pro bono legal service to the poor:(1) in a major case or matter involving a substantial expenditure of time and resources; or(2) through a full-time community or public service staff or(3) in any other manner that has been approved by the circuit pro bono committee in the circuit in which the firm practices. (d) Reporting Requirement. Each member of the bar shall annually report whether the member has satisfied the member’s professional responsibility (i) to provide pro bono legal services to the poor or, (ii) in the case of judges or members of the bar employed by the judiciary, pro bono service under Canons 4(B) and 4(D) of the Code of Judicial Conduct. Each member shall report this information through a simplified reporting form that is made a part of the member’s annual membership fees statement. The form will contain the following categories from which each member will be allowed to choose in reporting whether the member has provided pro bono legal services to the poor :(1) I have personally provided ___ hours of pro bono legal services;(2) I have provided pro bono legal services collectively by: (indicate type of case and manner in which service was provided);(3) I have contributed $ to: (indicate organization to which funds were provided);(4) I have provided legal services to the poor in the following special manner: (indicate manner in which services were provided); or (5) I am a member of the judiciary or a member of the bar employed by the judiciary and I have personally provided _____ hours of pro bono services and/or contributed $______ to a legal aid organization. (5) (6) I have been unable to provide pro bono legal services to the poor this year. (6) (7) I am deferred from the provision of pro bono legal services to the poor because I am: (indicate whether lawyer is: a member of the judiciary or judicial staff; a government lawyer prohibited by statute, rule, or regulation from providing services; retired, inactive or suspended).The failure to report this information shall constitute a disciplinary offense under these rules. (e) Credit Toward Professional Responsibility in Future Years. In the event that more than 20 hours of pro bono legal service to the poor are provided and reported in any 1 year, the hours in excess of 20 hours may be carried forward and reported as such for up to 2 succeeding years for the purpose of determining whether a lawyer has fulfilled the professional responsibility to provide pro bono legal service to the poor in those succeeding years. (f) Out-of-State Members of the Bar. Out-of-state members of the bar may fulfill their professional responsibility in the states in which they practice or reside. Comment Pro bono legal service to the poor is an integral and particular part of a lawyer’s pro bono public service responsibility. As our society has become one in which rights and responsibilities are increasingly defined in legal terms, access to legal services has become of critical importance. This is true for all people, be they rich, poor, or of moderate means. However, because the legal problems of the poor often involve areas of basic need, their inability to obtain legal services can have dire consequences. The vast unmet legal needs of the poor in Florida have been recognized by the Supreme Court of Florida and by several studies undertaken in Florida over the past two decades. The Supreme Court of Florida has further recognized the necessity of finding a solution to the problem of providing the poor greater access to legal service and the unique role of lawyers in our adversarial system of representing and defending persons against the actions and conduct of governmental entities, individuals, and nongovernmental entities. As an officer of the court, each member of The Florida Bar in good standing has a professional responsibility to provide pro bono legal service to the poor. Although members of the judiciary are prohibited from practicing law by article 5, section 13 of the Florida Constitution and members of the bar employed by the judiciary are restricted in the practice of law by Rule of Judicial Administration 2.060(b), it is recognized that the primary purpose of pro bono service is overall a public one and is consistent with the constitutional obligation of the judiciary to ensure access to the justice system. Thus, members of the judiciary and members of the bar employed by the judiciary may fulfill their obligation pursuant to Canons 4(B) and 4(D) of the Code of Judicial Conduct. Certain lawyers, however, are prohibited from performing legal services by constitutional, statutory, rule, or other regulatory prohibitions. Consequently, members of the judiciary and their staffs, government lawyers who are prohibited from performing legal services by constitutional, statutory, rule, or regulatory prohibitions, members of the bar who are retired, inactive, or suspended, or who have been placed on the inactive list for incapacity not related to discipline are deferred from participation in this program.In discharging the professional responsibility to provide pro bono legal service to the poor, each lawyer should furnish a minimum of twenty hours of pro bono legal service to the poor annually or contribute $350 to a legal aid organization. “Pro bono legal service” means legal service rendered without charge or expectation of a fee for the lawyer at the time the service commences, legal services written off as bad debts do not qualify as pro bono service. Most pro bono service should involve civil proceedings given that government must provide indigent representation in most criminal matters. Pro bono legal service to the poor is to be provided not only to those persons whose household incomes are below the federal poverty standard but also to those persons frequently referred to as the “working poor.” Lawyers providing pro bono service on their own need not undertake an investigation to determine client eligibility. Rather, a good faith determination by the lawyer of client eligibility is sufficient. Pro bono legal service to the poor need not be provided only through legal services to individuals; it can also be provided through legal services to charitable, religious, or educational organizations whose overall mission and activities are designed predominately to address the needs of the poor. For example, legal service to organizations such as a church, civil, or community service organizations relating to a project seeking to address the problems of the poor would qualify.While the personal involvement of each lawyer in the provision of pro bono legal service to the poor is generally preferable, such personal involvement may not always be possible or produce the ultimate desired result, that is, a significant maximum increase in the quantity and quality of legal service provided to the poor. The annual contribution alternative recognizes a lawyer’s professional responsibility to provide financial assistance to increase and improve the delivery of legal service to the poor when a lawyer cannot or decides not to provide legal service to the poor through the contribution of time. Also, there is no prohibition against a lawyer contributing a combination of hours and financial support. The limited provision allowing for collective satisfaction of the 20-hour standard recognizes the importance of encouraging law firms to undertake the pro bono legal representation of the poor in substantial, complex matters requiring significant expenditures of law firm resources and time and costs, such as class actions and post-conviction death penalty appeal cases, and through the establishment of full-time community or public service staffs. When a law firm uses collective satisfaction, the total hours of legal services provided in such substantial, complex matters or through a full-time community or public service staff should be credited among the firm’s lawyers in a fair and reasonable manner as determined by the firm.The reporting requirement is designed to provide a sound basis for evaluating the results achieved by this rule, reveal the strengths and weaknesses of the pro bono plan, and to remind lawyers of their professional responsibility under this rule. The fourth alternative of the reporting requirements allows members to indicate that they have fulfilled their service in some manner not specifically envisioned by the plan.The 20-hour standard for the provision of pro bono legal service to the poor is a minimum. Additional hours of service are to be encouraged. Many lawyers will, as they have before the adoption of this rule, contribute many more hours than the minimum. To ensure that a lawyer receives credit for the time required to handle a particularly involved matter, this rule provides that the lawyer may carry forward, over the next 2 successive years, any time expended in excess of 20 hours in any 1 year. CANON 4. A Judge May Engage in Activities to Improve the Law, the Legal System, and the Administration of Justice A. A judge shall conduct all of the judge’s quasi-judicial activities so that they do not:(1) cast reasonable doubt on the judge’s capacity to act impartially as a judge;(2) demean the judicial office; or(3) interfere with the proper performance of judicial duties.B. A judge may speak, write, lecture, teach and participate in other quasi-judicial activities concerning the law, the legal system, and the administration of justice, subject to the requirements of this Code. Encouragement of and support for attorneys providing pro bono legal services is an activity by judges and members of The Florida Bar employed by the judiciary which relates directly to the improvement of the administration of justice and furthers the judiciary’s constitutional responsibility to ensure access to the justice system. Accordingly, judges and members of The Florida Bar employed by the judiciary are encouraged to engage in pro bono service activities intended to facilitate and encourage attorneys to perform pro bono legal services, including, but not limited to: speaking, writing, lecturing, and teaching; participating in events to recognize attorneys who perform pro bono legal services; establishing procedural or scheduling accommodations for pro bono counsel, as feasible; and acting in an advisory capacity to pro bono programs. Further, judges and members of The Florida Bar employed by the judiciary are encouraged to perform pro bono service activities which relate to improving access to the justice system for the poor, including the working poor, but which do not involve the practice of law by the judiciary or the restricted practice of law by members of The Florida Bar employed by the judiciary and are otherwise consistent with the requirements of this Code.C. A judge shall not appear at a public hearing before, or otherwise consult with, an executive or legislative body or official except on matters concerning the law, the legal system or the administration of justice or except when acting pro se in a matter involving the judge or the judge’s interests.D. A judge may serve as a member, officer, director, trustee or non-legal advisor of an organization or governmental agency devoted to the improvement of the law, the legal system or the administration of justice, subject to the following limitations and the other requirements of this Code.(1) A judge shall not serve as an officer, director, trustee or non-legal advisor if it is likely that the organization(a) will be engaged in proceedings that would ordinarily come before the judge, or(b) will be engaged frequently in adversary proceedings in the court of which the judge is a member or in any court subject to the appellate jurisdiction of the court of which the judge is a member.(2) A judge as an officer, director, trustee or non-legal advisor, or as a member or otherwise:(a) may assist such an organization in planning fund-raising and may participate in the management and investment of the organization’s funds, but shall not personally participate in the solicitation of funds or other fund-raising activities, except that a judge may solicit funds from other judges over whom the judge does not exercise supervisory or appellate authority;(b) may make recommendations to public and private fund-granting organizations on projects and programs concerning the law, the legal system or the administration of justice;(c) shall not personally participate in membership solicitation if the solicitation might reasonably be perceived as coercive or, except as permitted in Section 4D(2)(a), if the membership solicitation is essentially a fund-raising mechanism;(d) shall not use or permit the use of the prestige of judicial office for fund-raising or membership solicitation. Commentary Canon 4A. A judge is encouraged to participate in activities designed to improve the law, the legal system, and the administration of justice. In doing so, however, it must be understood that expressions of bias or prejudice by a judge, even outside the judge’s judicial activities, may cast reasonable doubt on the judge’s capacity to act impartially as a judge. Expressions which may do so include jokes or other remarks demeaning individuals on the basis of their race, sex, religion, national origin, disability, age, sexual orientation or socioeconomic status. See Section 2D and accompanying Commentary. Canon 4B. As a judicial officer and person specially learned in the law, a judge is in a unique position to contribute to the improvement of the law, the legal system, and the administration of justice, including revision of substantive and procedural law and improvement of criminal and juvenile justice. To the extent that time permits, a judge is encouraged to do so, either independently or through a bar association, judicial conference or other organization dedicated to the improvement of the law. Judges may participate in efforts to promote the fair administration of justice, the independence of the judiciary and the integrity of the legal profession and may express opposition to the persecution of lawyers and judges in other countries because of their professional activities. Involvement in pro bono activities by judges and members of The Florida Bar employed by the judiciary, as permitted by Canon 4(B), is subject to all the requirements of this Code. Thus, in undertaking pro bono service activities, a judge may not practice law and members of the bar employed by the judiciary may not practice law restricted by the rules of judicial administration; and such pro bono activities may not reflect adversely on the judge’s impartiality, may not interfere with the performance of judicial duties, and may not detract from the dignity of the judge’s office. The aspirational goal of performing pro bono service may be satisfied by providing at least 20 hours of pro bono service related to improving equal access to justice for the poor, including the working poor, or by an annual contribution of at least $350.00 to a legal aid organization. Pro bono service by judges and members of The Florida Bar employed by the judiciary may include (a) participating in activities that encourage or support pro bono legal services by attorneys; (b) teaching, speaking, writing or participating in presentations regarding the rights and responsibilities under the law which relate to improving access to the justice system for the poor and the working poor; (c) participating in activities that relate to improving the fair administration of justice and/or equal access to the judicial system; (d) participating in authorized continuing legal education programs which relate to improving access to the justice system by the poor and the working poor; and (e) participating in activities to educate students about the legal system and the law, including such activities as teen court and practice court. Each judge and member of the bar employed by the judiciary shall annually report his or her pro bono service on the reporting form that is made a part of The Florida Bar’s annual membership fee’s statement. The phrase “subject to the requirements of this Code” is included to remind judges that the use of permissive language in various Sections of the Code does not relieve a judge from the other requirements of the Code that apply to the specific conduct. Canon 4C. See Section 2B regarding the obligation to avoid improper influence. Canon 4D(1). The changing nature of some organizations and of their relationship to the law makes it necessary for a judge regularly to reexamine the activities of each organization with which the judge is affiliated to determine if it is proper for the judge to continue the affiliation. For example, the boards of some legal aid organizations now make policy decisions that may have political significance or imply commitment to causes that may come before the courts for adjudication. Notice: Pro bono for judges report
The 20-year-old was one of the stars of United’s fabled youth system but was limited to just three first-team outings for the Red Devils as his life off of the field began to overshadow his undoubted talent on it. A thirst for first-team involvement saw Morrison move to Upton Park and, after a season on loan at Birmingham last year, the precocious talent has started to show through in the Barclays Premier League. West Ham boss Sam Allardyce believes he signed a boy in former Manchester United teenager Ravel Morrison but that the midfielder will return to Old Trafford on Saturday as a man. Morrison is West Ham’s top goalscorer this season with five and Allardyce feels the player has developed so much over a short period of time that he will be completely different when he lines up against United for the first time on Saturday. “Sir Alex (Ferguson) let Ravel go for his own benefit,” he said. “He (Ferguson) said that if he comes down to you hopefully he will find a new life and a new way of living. “His ability will then start to come through because all he asks and all he wants in his life is to play first-team football, that was all he said he wanted to do and why he wanted to leave. “In actual fact he struggled to look like he was capable of playing football in the first team with us. That’s why we sent him on loan to Birmingham and I thought since that year he’s grown up. “Somewhere along the line the lad has woken up and I think he’s changed himself and delivered.” Allardyce admitted it was Ferguson’s expectation of the player Morrison could become that was the simple deciding factor on his striking a deal to take the player to east London. “Fergie told me about his talent and that was it,” he said. “That’s enough for me. (Ferguson said) “If you can sort this lad out, Sam, you’ll have one of the best players you’ve ever had”. I don’t need anything more than that do I?” Morrison has been a shining light in an underwhelming season so far for West Ham, who will be hoping Wednesday’s 2-1 Capital One Cup quarter-final success at Tottenham can kick-start their league campaign. But even Morrison has off days and Allardyce is keen to keep him focused and unlock the match-winning potential as often as possible, with a warning that he should not try and steal the show against his former club. “The expectation becomes “will it come every single week” and that can’t really happen at such a young age,” Allardyce added. “It’s nice if it does. We’ve got to manage the situation and just try and keep encouraging him. “I think from our point of view, if he gets selected for Old Trafford on Saturday, that the real message from me to him would be to try and get a result as a team and play one of your top performances in a team situation when you would help to get us that result by using your abilities in a team performance. “When you’ve got his ability there is going to be the temptation to go out and show “look at me” I think and I have to try and guard and avoid that situation.” Morrison is likely to feature after starting on the bench against Spurs and, with captain Kevin Nolan still suspended – and a host of other first-team players sidelined or working back to full fitness – Allardyce is limited in terms of options. Press Association
The Syracuse women’s soccer team fell 2-1 toProvidenceon Sunday afternoon. Coming off its best performance of the season against Connecticut (5-3-1) on Thursday, the Orange fell to a strong Providence (7-2-1) team in front of 376 at Glay Field in Rhode Island.SU (4-4-1) outshot the Friars 5-2 in the first half, but neither team scored in the game’s first 45 minutes.Syracuse senior forward Jenna Rickan capitalized on a penalty kick to give the Orange a 1-0 lead just four minutes into the second half. It was Rickan’s first goal of the season and the fifth of her SU career.Providence responded 13 minutes later when freshman forward Lauren Elia scored from 10 yards out. The Friars took the lead eight minutes later when Elia scored again off a pass from junior Alyssa Martino.The Orange couldn’t tie the score.AdvertisementThis is placeholder textIn the second half, the Friars outshot the Orange 7-4, while SU had a 3-1 advantage in corner kicks.The Orange committed 18 fouls in the match, while the Friars committed just five.Syracuse continues Big East play on Friday at 7 p.m. at Louisville. The team will then travel to Ohio for a noon matchup against Cincinnati on Sunday.VolleyballThe Syracuse volleyball team won two of its three games last weekend at the Blue and White Classic in Buffalo. The Orange (7-6) defeated Hartford 3-0 on Friday before splitting a pair of games on Saturday against Dartmouth and the host Buffalo.Junior setter Amanda Kullman earned her first start and recorded 28 assists in the game against Hartford. Nicolette Serratore paced the SU offense with nine kills, and Silvi Uattara added seven. Syracuse only had one shot blocked by Hartford in the match and cruised to a three-set victory.The Orange stayed hot in its first game on Saturday, taking down Dartmouth in four sets. After dropping the first set, SU took three straight to earn the win. Uattara had 16 kills, eight digs and four blocks, and Samantha Clarey had 12 kills.Uattara paced the team with 16 more kills against Buffalo, but the Bulls swept Syracuse. The Orange couldn’t contain Buffalo’s Dana Musil, who finished with 19 kills.SU takes on Binghamton on Wednesday at 7 p.m. at the Women’s Building. Comments Published on September 17, 2012 at 2:09 am Facebook Twitter Google+
Last Updated: 11th November, 2019 23:21 IST UFC: Alexander Volkov Called Out By Francis Ngannou After Hardy Win Francis Ngannou has his eyes upon Alexander Volkov for his upcoming fight and ‘The Predator’ made a callout through Twitter. Know more details about it. WATCH US LIVE 10 months ago UFC 244: Where to watch, schedule and live streaming details 10 months ago UFC 244 Preview: BMF Showdown; The Rock, Donald Trump and more According to Ngannou, a fight with just 18 days notice doesn’t make sense and that’s why he rejected facing Volkov for UFC Moscow. Well, Volkov had an impressive win in the recently concluded event and Ngannou is yet to face an opponent after knocking out Cain Velasquez. UFC might arrange this match-up since ‘The Predator’ is interested in Volkov and it will be interesting for him too since a victory against Ngannou can assure him a title shot.Also Read- UFC: Dana White Disapproves Chuck Liddel’s Return To Fighting RingUFC: Francis Ngannou’s opponentsUFC has not yet confirmed anything about it and it won’t be shocking if Tyson Fury steps in the place for Alexander Volkov. Francis Ngannou also had a social media beef with undefeated boxer Tyson Fury a few days back and with Fury’s recent statement of making his MMA debut, it seems evitable. Have a look at the Twitter beef between Francis Ngannou and Alexander Volkov. 10 months ago UFC 244: Nate Diaz ruled out for 90 days after injury against Masvidal You don’t have to worry about other “Mma Heavyweights” because I might just retire you. Tell you promoter to call @ufc #uncrowndedchamp https://t.co/zWvIvgHlS4— Francis Ngannou (@francis_ngannou) November 7, 2019 WE RECOMMEND FOLLOW US 9 months ago UFC: Khabib Nurmagomedov says McGregor needs 10 wins before rematch SUBSCRIBE TO US First Published: 11th November, 2019 23:21 IST LIVE TV Also Read- UFC: Conor McGregor Backs Rival Khabib Against Tony FergusonAlso Read- MMA: Tyson Fury Eyes Move To MMA, Conor McGregor Agrees To Train Him Well done Volkov 👏👏👏.Let’s go now and please don’t turn this down again.#UFCMoscow #UNCROWNEDCHAMP— Francis Ngannou (@francis_ngannou) November 9, 2019 COMMENT Raj Sarkar Francis Ngannou has his eyes upon Alexander Volkov and The Predator’ made a callout after Volkov’s recent win against Greg Hardy at UFC Fight Night 163. Volkov was about to face Junior Dos Santos in the card but Dos Santos pulled out from the fight at last moment and Ngannou was offered the fight. However, according to latest American reports, Ngannou rejected it due to short notice and Hardy was finally lined up against Volkov for UFC Fight Night 163 at Moscow.Also Read- UFC: Khabib Nurmagomedov Says McGregor Needs 10 Wins Before RematchUFC: Francis Ngannou calls out Alexander VolkovAlexander Volkov won the fight against Greg Hardy via a unanimous decision and came back into the win column after a devastating loss against Derrick Lewis at UFC 229. It immediately caught Ngannou’s attention and ‘The Predator’ wants to fight Volkov next. After UFC Fight Night 163, Ngannou praised Volkov for his performance and challenged him for a fight. Have a look at The Predator’s tweet post-UFC Fight Night. 10 months ago UFC Salaries: Conor McGregor, Khabib, Nate Diaz salary revealed Written By
Last Updated: 30th August, 2020 22:21 IST ‘We Are Incredible’ Hamilton Praises Mercedes After 89th Career Win At Belgian GP Lewis Hamilton claimed his 89th career win in the Belgian Grand Prix on Sunday to extend his lead in his bid for a record-equalling seventh Formula 1 world championship. Associated Press Television News First Published: 30th August, 2020 22:21 IST LIVE TV FOLLOW US Written By COMMENT SUBSCRIBE TO US Lewis Hamilton claimed his 89th career win in the Belgian Grand Prix on Sunday to extend his lead in his bid for a record-equalling seventh Formula 1 world championship.The Mercedes driver led every lap from pole position to claim his fifth win of an increasingly one-sided Formula One campaign.Valtteri Bottas took the chequered flag at Spa-Francorchamps 8.4 seconds behind his team-mate, with Red Bull driver Max Verstappen in third.British driver George Russell emerged unscathed from a harrowing accident which saw his Williams hit by Antonio Giovinazzi’s wheel after he crashed out.Ferrari completed one of their worst weekends in recent memory with Sebastian Vettel and Charles Leclerc finishing in 13th and 14th respectively.Daniel Ricciardo was fourth for Renault ahead of team-mate Esteban Ocon, with Red Bull’sAlexander Albon sixth and Lando Norris seventh for McLaren.(Image Credit: AP) WATCH US LIVE
Cardinals to induct Carson Palmer into ring of honor “My trade request was to meet them at a middle ground,” Johnson told reporters Tuesday, via the Cleveland Plain-Dealer. “I was put on the trade block a month before I requested a trade.”#Browns Duke Johnson said he still wants to be traded pic.twitter.com/HPg2P7Aach— Mary Kay Cabot (@MaryKayCabot) June 4, 2019News that Johnson wanted to be traded first came out in April after the team signed recently cut Chiefs running back and 2017 Pro Bowl player Kareem Hunt. Related News Duke Johnson still wants out of Cleveland.The Browns running back said he still wants to be traded, but also gave more details about how his original request to be dealt came to be. Coach Freddie Kitchens minced no words Tuesday when asked about the unhappy running back (via NFL Network): “He wants to be traded. I want to win the lottery. It doesn’t matter. He’s under contract. He’s a Cleveland Brown. He’s going to be used to the best of his ability in what benefits the team.”Browns general manager John Dorsey consistently has said publicly that the team will not deal Johnson, but if the running back is to be believed, it was Cleveland that wanted to move him first.Johnson said the news made him feel “unwanted.”However, he said he is happy to be traded if it’s best for the team. “I was put on the trade block to kind of see what the team could get,” he said. “And I mean, at the end of the day, I understand the nature of the business, I understand his job, John Dorsey’s job, is to do what’s best for the team and the organization.”And again, if that’s getting rid of me for a bigger piece, for a better piece, then I’m OK with it.”Johnson played in 16 games with the Browns last season (four starts) and rushed for 201 yards while catching 47 passes for 429 yards and three touchdowns. Steelers’ JuJu Smith-Schuster attends prom with fan who got dumped Lions’ Damon ‘Snacks’ Harrison, Darius Slay skipping minicamp in hopes of reworking contracts, report says